雅思论述作文写作 | 逻辑链法

逻辑链:Identification

逻辑链,据资料所说,就是从考官的所有满分作文里面提取出来的论述各种事物/趋势/行为优缺点的逻辑方式和句型flow,可以说是一种模板。但是这种模板有其优越性,据资料显示,雅思作文不需要分类,只需要具备论述行为/趋势/事物优缺点的能力,而逻辑链作为一种构架结果,是可以适应各种题材论述文的。用逻辑链你绝对不会出现,写了上句不知道下一句的情况,更不会出现咬秃了笔头想不出来合适句型的情况。

使用逻辑链,你需要具备的能力如下:

  1. 你需要把这个逻辑链记下来(逻辑链里面的每个单词都是考官写的,不是我哦~)。
  2. 你需要具备一些常识,根据逻辑链填充你的想法。
  3. 如果写作想上8分,你还需要记一些地道的功能性词汇(全部来自考官范文)。

Body 1

雅思作文Part 2一般会分成四个部分,开头,body 1,body 2,结尾。雅思Part 2作文中往往没有特别偏激的论述,经常是取中间立场,因此body 1主要要给出论述主体的一些积极点,在body 2中则会论述论述主体的一些消极点。下面就是关于Body 1的一些写作技巧。

逻辑链 1:以Gap Year为例

这里的例子适用于:做某件事或者某个趋势或者某个行为对于某类人的好处

The reasons for this trend may involve the recognition

满分范文中常使用May,probably,might这类表only a certain possibilities的词。这句话的结构非常好,recognition以及从句结构直接引出主题。

that a young adult who passes directly from school to university

这句话包含了主体以及它的特征(定语从句),可以任意套用

is rather restricted in terms of general knowledge and experience of the world.

这句话表现出了该趋势对主体的危害

By contrast,those who have spent some time earning living or traveling to other places

引出第二个主体,值得注意的是,这段有非常好的过去完成时态定语从句,非常值得借鉴。

have a broader views of life and better personal resource to draw on

这个结构主要表面后者的好处,Draw on – 利用

They tend to be more independent,which is a important factor in academic study and research,

as well as giving them an advantages in terms of coping with the challenges of student life.

以上,我并没有区分结构和主体内容的部分,因为这样做非常乱。大家注意主要提取上述语言的结构,即为逻辑链要义,而其他好的语法之类的,可以按需自取之。之后,我们将这条逻辑链应用于其他题目上,如下:

逻辑链应用:小学生应不应该早点入学

Today we can notice that more and more kids are sent to school earlier by their parents. The reason for the trend may involve the recognition that a child fails to be exposed to education system in time is rather restricted in terms of the development potential and academic competence. By contrast,those who have the access to the prior education resource have a firmer foundation in learning. They tend to have a high caliber,which is a important factor in academic study,as well as giving them a deeper insight in terms of coping with the challenges of student life.

逻辑链2 :以Sports Facilities为例

此链适用于某类行为/某类人/某种趋势能够产生的好的影响

Advocates of this believe that today’s sedentary lifestyle and stressful working conditions mean that

这里的this代指需要我们进行论述的观点,整个句子的功能在于引出论述主体

physical activity is no longer part of either our work or our leisure time.

State some negative results. It should be noted that what is stated should be a whole sentence.

If there were easy-to-reach local sports centers,

使用虚拟语气,假设与先前假定相反的状态

we would be more likely to make exercise a regular part of our lives

Present some positive trends.

rather than just collapsing in front of a screen every evening

Against the previous consequence

逻辑链应用:老龄化社会

Ageing Population seems to be a more and more common phenomenon among the world. Critics believe that today’s lack of labor and low develop speech mean that young people in our economic system is no longer enough. If there were sufficient labor supplement,we would be more likely to take lower workload and lead a healthier life rather than shouldering a such daunting work stress.

逻辑链3 :以Language Learning为例

这种结构很适合用以攻击某方观点

The obvious argument in its favor is that

对它有利的一个明显论据是”。这是一个万能开头

young children pick up languages much more easily than teenagers.

描写出主体和客体的能力之差

Their brains are still programmed to acquire their mother tongues

描写出主体优秀的原因

which facilitates learning another language,and unlike adolescents they are not inhibited by self-consciousness

描写出主体优秀的结果,注意这里的unlike结构,是非常有用的抨击性结构

逻辑链应用:传统建筑还是现代建筑

I think modern architecture is more suitable for current society. The obvious argument in its favor is modern buildings have a more efficient utilization of land. The have a intensive vertical structure to contain more people in a certain size, which significantly cut down the cost of housing, and unlike traditional construction they are more comfortable in living conditions.

逻辑链应用:快餐VS传统食品

The obvious argument against fast food is that it changes people’s dietary habits in a negative way. The most prevalent fast food including hamburgers, fried chicken or pizza, is usually high in fat, sugar, salt and calories, which is detrimental to people’s physical health, and unlike traditional dishes, they are more monotonous and provide less choices.

Body 2

body 2往往会给出一些补充性的内容,往往是提出观点的一些不足,逻辑链整理如下

逻辑链 1:以Language Learning为例

There are, however, some disadvantages.

Indicates the later concessions, no need to change

If the primary language teaching is not standardized, secondary schools could be faced with a great variety of levels in different languages within their intake, resulting in a classroom experience which undoes the earlier gains.

Just be a little more critical by giving some extreme cases

There is no advantage if enthusiastic primary pupils become demotivated as soon as they change schools.

However, these issues can be addressed strategically within the policy adopted.

Note that there should have a reversion

逻辑链应用:陪伴家人的时间

Assume that we choose to state that it is suitable to spend mass amount of time working rather than company families in former paragraph.

There are, however, some disadvantages. If we do spend most of our time in working, family members could suffered a emotional loss, causing a kind of alienation through the family, which make the money earned meaningless. There is no advantage if family members gain money only and have no access to love and attention. However, it merely a extreme case, not tend to happen in the reality.

逻辑链应用:发展先进科技

It, however, makes little difference to our daily life. If the government has put too much investment in aerospace engineering to make prominent achievements, common people may still be faced with many issues demanding prompt solutions, such as unemployment, widen wealth gap and juvenile delinquency, resulting in their dissatisfaction and complaints, which undoes the earlier gains. There is no advantage if some imperative problems which are closely related to people’s daily life are not given priority by the authorities. These issues could be strategically addressed with the balance between the improvement of pioneering technology and citizens’ standard of life.

逻辑链 2:以GapYear为例

However, there are certainly dangers in taking time off at that important age.

Young adults may end up never returning to their studies or finding it difficult to readapt to an academic environment.

They may think that it is better to continue in a particular job, or to do something completely different from a university course.

But overall, I think this is less likely today, when academic qualifications are essential for getting a reasonable career.

逻辑链应用:Government and healthy life?

Some teachers think it is effective for student to study in groups while others think that it is better to study alone. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.(原题复述)

However, there are certainly dangers in spending majority of time at group discussion. Students may end up never learning something new but only listening to superficial opinions from others, then totally lose their ability to come up with ideas. They may think it is advisable to absorb different views as many as possible, for it is rather harder to think independently. But overall, I think this is less likely today, when exams require a lot on independent thinking.

逻辑链应用:Child-oriented advertisement

However, there are certainly dangers in intensively advertising children products on TV or in other media. Minors may end up pestering their parents to buy the appealing goods showed in commercials, because they are not sensitive to price and may fail to identify the exaggerate information. They are likely to take for granted to have expensive toys or fancy clothes, as long as they have seen them on advertisements. But overall, I think this can be strategically addressed by the regulation of advertising campaigns directed at children.

逻辑链 3:以Traditional Culture为例

If the relentless advance of international brands into every corner of the world continues,

these bland packages might one day completely oust the traditional objects of a nation, which would be a loss of richness and diversity in the world, as well as the sad disappearance of the manifestations of a people’s character.

What would a Japanese tea ceremony be without its specially crafted teapot? or a Fijian Kava ritual without its bowl made from a certain type of a tree bark?

Giving examples there

逻辑链应用:Government and healthy life?

Some people prefer to spend their lives doing the same things and avoiding change. Others, however, think that change is always a good thing. Discuss both and give your own opinion.(原题抄录)

If the relentless advancement of various changes into every corner of our lives continues, the unconscious concept of replacing the old things with the new ones might one day completely oust the mindset of cherishing the moments that we are currently experiencing or being nostalgic about the past, which would be a loss of the chances to stay in the golden old days such as childhood and adolescence, as well as the sad disappearance of a sense of security about the ever-changing world and the time itself as the the changes are always inevitable. what would an individual’s life quality be without stable circumstances?

If the relentless advancement of technology and social media into every corner of our lives continues, the online communication might some day completely oust in-person interaction, which would be a loss of strong emotion bonds between people, as well as the sad disappearance of social cohesion. This is due to the fact that when people are tackling daily tasks online, they tend to spend less time and energy on maintaining interpersonal relationship, which may then cause some misunderstandings and social conflicts. What could the romantic relationship of loved couples be without frequently dating and hanging out? How could the society operate well without the citizens’ mutual trust and understanding which can easily gain through face to face communication?

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