雅思作文 | Part One进阶技巧

Plan Your Answer First

Find trend or pattern

Short introduction(Para 1)

——summarize what the data shows,don’t need to give conclusion

  • Don’t use the words form the question in your summary
  • Just one or two sentences are enough

Body Paragraphs(Para 2-3)

——2 paragraphs is mostly suitable

MECE rules: you can divide the data in any kinds of categories,just make them seems like having some sort of structure,for example

gender:man – women

proportion:big – small

Frequency:high – low

Conclusion(Para 4)

You can have it or not,all for the sake of the integrity of the essay

Key

Should do:

  • Find trends or ideas which you can use to structure your answer
  • Balance a big-picture view(often be given on para 1) with specific examples and details(Like some contrast,usually be stated on follow paras)
  • Highlight key similarity or differences between different parts of the data

Not to do:

  • Do not list the data,one point after anther
  • Do not make mistake with the data
  • Do not attach any objective opinion to your words,neither any reason.

Example

The graph illustrates changes in the amount of beef, lamb, chicken and fish consumed in a particular European country between 1979 and 2004.

In 1979 beef was by far the most popular of these foods, with about 225 grams consumed per person per week. Lamb and chicken were eaten in similar quantities (around 150 grams), while much less fish was consumed(just over 50 grams).

However, during this 25-year period the consumption of beef and lamb fell dramatically to approximately 100 grams and 55 grams respectively. The consumption of fish also declined, but much less significantly to just below 50 grams, so although it remained the least popular food, consumption levels were the most stable.

The consumption of chicken, on the other hand, showed an upward trend, overtaking that of lamb in 1980 and that of beef in 1989. By 2004 it had soared to almost 250 grams per person per week.

Overall, the graph shows how the consumption of chicken increased dramatically while the popularity of these other foods decreased over the period.

The charts compare the sources of electricity in Australia and France in the years 1980 and 2000.
Between these years electricity production almost doubled, rising from 100 units to 170 in Australia, and from 90 to 180 units in France.

In 1980 Australia used coal as the main electricity source (50 units) and there remainder was produced from natural gas, hydro power (each producing 20 units) and oil (which produced only 10 units). By 2000,coal had become the fuel for more than 75% of electricity produced and only hydro continued to be another significant source supplying approximately 20%.

In contrast, France used coal as a source for only 25 units of electricity in 1980, which was matched by natural gas. The remaining 40 units were produced largely from oil and nuclear power, with hydro contributing only 5 units. But by 2000 nuclear power, which was not used at all in Australia, had developed into the main source, producing almost 75% of electricity, at 126 units, while coal and oil together produced only 50 units. Other sources were no longer significant.

Overall, it is clear that by 2000 these two countries relied on different principal fuel sources: Australia relied on coal and France on nuclear power.

The pie chart shows that there are four main causes of farmland becoming degraded in the world today.

Globally, 65% of degradation is caused by too much animal grazing and tree clearance, constituting 35% and 30% respectively. A further 28% of global degradation is due to over-cultivation of crops. Other causes account for only 7% collectively.

These causes affected different regions differently in the 1990s, with Europe having as much as 9.8% of degradation due to deforestation, while the impact of this on Oceania and North America was minimal, with only 1.7% and 0.2% of land affected respectively. Europe, with the highest overall percentage of land degraded(23%), also suffered from over-cultivation(7.7%) and over-grazing(5.5%). In contrast, Oceania had 13% of degraded farmland and this was mainly due to over-grazing (11.3%). North America had a lower proportion of degraded land at only 5%, and the main causes of this were over-cultivation (3.3%) and, to a lesser extent, over-grazing (1.5%).

Overall, it is clear that Europe suffered more from farmland degradation than the other regions, and the main causes there were deforestation and over-cultivation.

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